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Creation’s Story (11)

R W Cargill, St Monans


Fossils are the remains of plants and animals cast in stone, often showing in remarkable detail what they looked like. Some are very similar to present day species and can be recognised as such, whilst many others belong to species now extinct. They are a silent witness to something which happened long ago, something unusual, something catastrophic. They are evidence of life, and of sudden death.

Usually when a plant or animal dies it decays very rapidly and leaves very little evidence of what it looked like. Normal burial, or predators in the wild, ensures that within a short time perhaps only a few hard bones remain. Fossils, however, can show the soft tissue of animals, feathers of birds, scales of fishes, bark on tree trunks, intricate patterns of tracery on leaves, ferns, flowers and such like. And furthermore, fossils are plentiful, existing on every continent, sometimes covering many square miles in area and many feet deep in the rock strata. So how are fossils formed?

It is almost universally agreed that fossils are formed in flood conditions, by rapid burial of the creatures in flood-borne silt. Rapid burial ensures preservation intact, while mineral-rich water soaks into the structure and ensures permanence. Increasing pressure from above casts everything into stone – literally petrifying it for good. So there these ancient creatures lie until the quarryman or the miner or the geologist uncovers them for the modern world to wonder about and theorise!

Fossils and Evolution Theory

It is widely taught and therefore commonly believed that the fossil record provides the evidence for evolution. The proposal is that over millions of years different types of creatures which then existed were fossilised during different floods, and so the rocks contain a record of different forms of life and show how they changed over that period of time. Visit almost any museum and you will find this popular story spelt out, along with many graphic but totally imaginary representations of prehistoric conditions, describing shallow seas where now there is land, followed by continental movements, the slipping of strata, and so on.

Evolution theory is taken as true, as the basis and the starting point. The facts (i.e. the fossil specimens) are arranged to fit the theory, and to draw further conclusions. A typical example is the following, taken recently from a museum in Yorkshire: Because plants and animals evolve over time, we can use fossils to estimate the age of the rocks. But wait a minute! If they did not evolve, fossils cannot give the age of rocks!

An example is the Devonian Old Red Sandstone in northern Scotland which is said to be 700 million years old just because it contains many fossilised fish which evolution says existed then. Now we are also told that the age of a fossil is given by the type of rock in which it is found. So if a fossil is found in Old Red Sandstone, the fossil is said to be 700 million years old. This is circular reasoning, and is not really science! Rocks and fossils cannot be dated from each other!

Nevertheless, based on the assumption that evolution is true, a "geological column" has been built up showing strata of many different types with "key" fossils in them, going back something like 1,000 million years. It is then taught dogmatically that this is the record of the progressive evolution of the different life forms on earth, from lowly water-dwelling creatures at the bottom, through fishes, amphibians and reptiles, all the way to mammals and then man at the top.

There are, however, major difficulties and inconsistencies which are not usually mentioned! Some of the more serious ones are as follows.

It is actually very difficult to fit the theory of evolution around the facts of geology, based on what is found in the rocks and what is not found. But evolution is presented as the truth, not the first nor the last time that a lie is taken to be the truth (Rom 1.25; 2 Thess 2.11-12).

Fossils and the Flood

The facts of geology fit neatly into the framework of the biblical, historical, worldwide flood of Noah’s day. Just recall what we are told about the onset, duration, and upheavals of the flood which we have recently considered, then apply sensible, scientific laws and principles to the situation - and it makes wonderfully good sense. In fact this was how the majority of early scientists and thinkers viewed it before evolution theory high-jacked the establishment then brainwashed everyone to accept it.

Here is the basic picture to work on. As the great flood advanced, the first creatures to be killed and buried would be the least mobile, in fact those which lived in the shallow seas and around the shore line. The more mobile ones would escape higher up until their temporary refuge was inundated by water, and then they would perish. The last to succumb would be the most mobile animals and birds at the highest levels. As different types of creatures were swept away into the flood, rushing water and sediment would quickly bury them in conditions which were just right for fossilisation. All this fits the observed geological facts, and it is simple and straightforward!

Thus the geological column, where it exists, is not a historical record of how creatures developed over millions of years. It is rather a record of where and when they lived and died when the flood came and destroyed them all. The order of their burial and fossilisation is according to their habitat, aquatic life first - the bottom dwellers like shells and trilobites, followed by the fishes, in huge shoals buried in contorted swimming positions which the fossils show. Then the shoreline amphibians and the slow reptiles are overcome and buried, and eventually the mammals, often in huge numbers as they herded together in the race to escape, as testified by vast fossil beds worldwide.

Superimposed onto this basic picture, we now have to think about hydrodynamic activity, the effects of vigorously moving water. Agitated, swirling water deposits objects according to their density (heaviness), so that sand, silt, gravel and everything else in the water are deposited and sorted out according to their weight and their shape. This stirring, mixing and settling would further redistribute dead creatures in the silt and allow those from different habitats to be sometimes buried together then fossilised in the same layer.

Furthermore, seismic (earthquake) activity in the earth’s crust beneath the water as the flood subsided would thrust some layers up while others would go down, giving the fault and slip lines common throughout the world, with the fossils they contain similarly displaced. Additionally, volcanic activity would disturb and tilt the strata, with molten rock forcing its way up through sedimentary layers to give the lava fields and basalt intrusions which we find today.

The world’s vast coalfields would also be formed at this time. The luxuriant carbon containing forests, swamps and grasslands of the antediluvian era would be quickly uprooted, flattened, waterborne then buried and compacted into coal. Oil and gas too would be produced and trapped in porous rock in a similar way.


Why are these basic ideas not acceptable to so many people? Why is an unfounded and conjectural theory so favoured? The fossils preach worldwide that the wages of sin is death, but people explain them away instead of recognising them as a permanent record of divine judgment upon a wicked world, and heeding their warning. Those who serve sin and Satan do not want to be reminded that God will have the last word. The Flood is the prototype of the greater judgment to come (2 Pet 3.5-6; Mt 24.37-39).

To be continued.


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